Posts Tagged ‘writing a research paper’


Five Ways to Keep an Essay Paper Organized

Proper organization is the difference between a good essay and a weak one. An essay that is well organized is easier for the reader to understand and enjoy, while poorly organized essays force the reader to do extra work. Readers aren’t the only ones who benefit from a well organized essay; using simple organization techniques while writing will make the process easier for you as well.

Make a Plan

Before you begin writing, take some time to make a master plan fro your essay. Decide what information you want to cover and the method you will use to accomplish this. If your paper is a narrative, you might use pre-writing activities like brainstorming to come up with ideas. If you are writing a research paper, clustering to find a focus might work better for you. Though your plan may change as you research and write your paper, making a plan will help streamline the writing process by helping you focus on a final goal for your paper. Write your plan down and keep it near you as you write your paper to make certain that you are headed in the right direction.

Take Good Notes

Organized notes are essential for an organized essay paper. While conducting research for your paper, use your master plan to identify the topics you need to research and the questions you must answer in your paper. Write your notes on index cards; not only will they help you stay organized, but their small size forces you to condense information and keep your notes brief, which will reduce the risk of unintentional plagiarism. Carefully label each card with a topic and reference information.

Create an Outline

An outline is a kind of road map for your essay and is more detailed than your essay plan. The method you use to outline your paper will depend upon your style of writing and the type of paper you are writing; an outline for a personal narrative will probably be less detailed than the outline for a research paper. Use roman numerals or letters to organize main ideas, and then break those main ideas into smaller chunks of information.

Topic Sentences

Use topic sentences to organize ideas within your paper. These topic sentences can be used in your outline as main ideas. Begin each new paragraph or section of your paper with a topic sentence that outlines the main idea of that section. Then, use supporting sentences to expand upon or explain that topic sentence.


After you have written a rough draft, create a reverse outline, recommends the University of Toronto Writing Centre. To make a reverse outline, go through your paper and write down each main idea on a separate sheet of paper in the order in which they appear, leaving plenty of space between each topic. When you have finished, read through the main ideas to make sure that they make sense. Make sure that you have not left out key points or repeated topics. Make changes to your draft if needed. Next, go through your paper to find sentences that support your main topics, and jot these down below each topic on your reverse outline. This will ensure that you fully explain each main topic.

Search terms:
  • Brainstorming is a good way to start the _____ stage of a reflective essay
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  • It is best to _________ your sources when taking notes in order to reduce the risk of plagiarism
  • Why I prefer the brainstorming map clustering writing essays

Writing The Perfect Research Paper

Whether in high school or college, often one is required to develop a research paper for an assignment. Research paper writing has a specific focus and should not be confused with essays or thesis writing.

A research paper is not designed to offer new evidence or report on developing work but as a collation and presentation of existing work. The research is to uncover existing knowledge of a topic and synthesize a focused and coherent report on this subject. A research paper is not intended to prove a hypothetical point but to present an existing fact.

There are three directions you can take in designing your research paper. A simple analytical approach discusses the major points of your subject, evaluates them each in turn and then concludes with an evaluation of the research to the reader. An expository research paper does not so much offer altering viewpoints on your topic as it seeks to inform and explain what the subject matter is.

A much more involved research paper is the argumentative form. In this type of research paper you pick a point of view and present your research findings to prove your opening statements. One thing the person writing the research paper must be mindful of through the entire process is that they stay on focus. If the subsequent research convinces you to modify the original statement of purpose, you will have to revise your opening arguments and any other parts of your paper that this change entails.

Another aspect of research paper writing that is of the utmost importance is in keeping your source information accurate. A research paper is not creative writing and you will need to reference the sources of your facts and credit information used to their originators. There are several style sheets available for the proper footnote marking and systems of regulating the presentation of your source material. This formula is different for various institutions so checking for the authorized style sheet before starting the actual composition is very important. Those who grade the research paper will be especially critical of this area. It is essential you have your facts accurate and provable.

Once you have finished the first draft of your research paper it is a good idea to let it sit for awhile and then come back to reread it in an objective manner. No one is able or expected to be letter-perfect through the first writing. The cooling off period is necessary to take you far enough from the original creation that you can see within a later viewing any areas that need revision to tighten up to presentation of your information. While you can proofread your work to some degree, it is always recommended that you obtain a second person to proof it as well. They may catch grammar or typographical errors that have fallen into a “blind spot” for the original writer.

Critical areas of review at this point are the transition areas between proof points and that you have refined the data to a tight focus. Here you can see if certain patterns of extraneous words have “fluffed” your writing and you can eliminate the unnecessary wording.

The final part of research paper writing is to put your final version on the paper (or the required computer file format) that your specific institution requires. Even the presentation of the physical artifact of your research paper can have some weight on its final acceptance or rejection.

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Five Tips in Making Research Paper

Having difficulties when dealing with research paper? Maybe true to those who have less writing experience, but this should not be a hindrance to those who want to learn. This also implies that the materials used must be effective to attract readers.  It made simple, how?

Research paper writing can be made easy in five tips:

First, choose or find a topic. It must not be narrow or too broad to avoid the readers from confusion about the main topic of the research paper.  A thesis statement can guide the main idea of the research.  It either proves or describes the direction of the content.

Second, the topic research. Read and understand resources to be used in the research paper. Evaluate the sources and analyze answers to research questions.

Third, take notes. Analyze all reading materials and jot down important remarks from time to time. Researcher should avoid plagiarism, try to rewrite, paraphrase or recall ideas from the reading materials.

Fourth, make a draft. It gives structure in what to say and needed to be said. Drafting is the most time consuming part in writing a research paper. In fact, it is very useful in chronological arrangement of ideas.

Finally, the revision or proofreading of content is the most crucial step. It is examining the correct citation and consistency of each sentence in paragraph. The specified format of the research paper must be followed like double spacing, pages, footnotes or end-notes. The correct grammar, punctuation, and spelling should also be observed.

Research paper should be presentable and effective. It doesn’t mean that people who have less experience in writing can not construct a research paper. Focus on the goal of the topic.  Anyone can write, only remember the above steps to make it more effective and readable.

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