30
Jun

Factors for assessing essay

Most of the essays are written as an academic exercise, and it is important to strike a balance between form and content. In order not to be trapped, we must remember that the evaluation is done using several factors. Let’s list them.

The content of essays. An assessor evaluates if you have understood and formulated the problem of the essay. Не also looks if you have commented the problem without factual errors related to its understanding.

If you have quoted somebody on the chosen topic, you have to reflect the position of the author’s original text commenting an issue. You also have to express an opinion on the issue stated by you, agree or disagree with the position of the author’s text (if essay is written about certain author’s work), arguing and citing at least two arguments, one of which is taken from the artistic, journalistic or scientific literature.

Deliberately losing options:

– To present your own position on the matter raised at the household level, without argument,

– To ignore problem disclosing or information that doesn’t lie in context of essay giving (the facts of social life or personal experience).

Essays are usually not assessed for the position, but for the credibility of the arguments. However, the position should be clearly marked.

Speech processing works. Here semantic integrity, voice connectivity and sequence of presentation are evaluated: the lack of logical errors and violations of the indention of dividing the text. The accuracy and expressiveness of speech, a variety of grammatical structure of speech are also taken into account.

Literacy. Compliance with spelling, punctuation and grammar rules, absence of errors are factors to evaluate essay as well. Propriety and compliance with the factual accuracy of the background material are necessary for receiving a good mark for an essay.

28
Jun

Writing styles

  • MLA

A term describing guidelines used for writing and preparation of research papers or manuscripts and which stands for Modern Language Association of America. MLA has two principle styles, that is, the MLA handbook for writers of research papers and the MLA style manual and guide to scholarly articles. The key difference between MLA and other styles of writing is that it recommends works or sources citation be referenced within the paper as opposed to footnotes or chapters. It is divided into three sections, the overall paper format, in-text citations of sources and works cited list. This style involves mainly humanities, literature and arts. Titles of books are italicized than being underlined.  All pages are numbered consecutively in the upper right-hand corner.

  • APA

This stands for American Psychological Association. It is commonly used in citing social sciences and psychology. The general APA guidelines entails the research be typed in double space, font size between 10-12 in Times New Roman. The major sections include the title page, abstract, main body and the reference. The style specifies the order of headings, references, arrangement of tables, appendices, footnotes and formatting. It also combines the author-date style of parenthetical referencing.

  • CHICAGO

It has two styles, the author-date system and the documentary-note style. They are used in physical or natural sciences and in literature and history consecutively. The general guidelines include use of punctuation, flush-and- style indentation, italics and abbreviations among others. Numbering is used in the documentary-note style either in the text, a footnote or endnote. It includes chapters pertinent to publishers of books and journals. The Chicago writing style is flexible because it offers the writers a choice in several various formats.

  • TURABIAN

This is a writing style associated with a writer named Kate Turabian. It is derived from the Chicago manual style which is very exhaustive and is designed to be used by college students in all the subjects or areas of academics. The Turabian places bibliographic citations at the end of a paper or at the bottom of the page. The manual spells rules and conventions for chapters, headings, abbreviations and designation of tables. It offers advice in various citation style systems. Its key contrast with other styles like APA is that it is specific for the purpose of being used for papers written in class rather than for publication.

  • VANCOUVER

The style is normally used in medical or scientific journals in setting reference lists and bibliographies. The reference list appears at the end of the report or research with sufficient information clearly detailed. Citations in Vancouver are identified with Arabic numerical in round brackets within the essay paper. A number is used even when the author is named in the next sentence. Hyphens are used join the last and numbers which are inclusive. Reference numbers are placed outside commas and full stops or inside colons.

  • HARVARD

When incorporating ideas or numerical from different sources it is documented in two ways, mainly providing an in-text citation and entering the source in the list of references. This is also done when summarizing information on a specific page from the source. The style involves referencing in-text citation with use of paretheses. Page numbers should be present as a rule. It is based on author-date system for articles and also for non-books. The structure of citations under Harvard system is the author’s name, the page number and year of publication. Citations are in the same font as in the main page.

  • OXFORD

The style guide is categorized into three major pars which include the spelling, punctuation and the typographic formats. All these cover spelling rules, hyphenation and use of capitalization respectively. It uses British English than using American English. Multiple issues are considered examples including the en rule, ellipses, and acronyms among others. It deals with phonetics, special subjects and in citation of digital media. It generally uses a combination of in-line notations leading to its description as a documentary-note referencing style. Markers are used each time information is quoted from a source which are sequentially numbered in order in which they appear. Both summarizing and paraphrasing is allowed under oxford referencing.

26
Jun

How to Write Non-literary Essays

Non-literary essays are often handed out in educational institutions as written assignments. Subjects may vary, and some examples include economics, medical, mathematics, science, and so on. Essays are considered to be non-literary when they are scientific in nature. Mostly, they come in forms such as guide books, manuals, how to instructions, etc. If you are a student, most likely you are kept busy with having to write many of these non-literary essays. Here are some tips on how you can write excellent essays in the shortest possible amount of time.

In any piece of writing, if you want to accomplish it fast without compromising on quality, know that it’s all about having a systematic process. Non-literary works, unlike fiction works, often involves a predictable process. Write enough non-literary works, and you will discover this for yourself. Here is how the process works.

Brainstorming for ideas.

Brainstorm for ideas on what your paper should be about. This can be a fun process when you get your friends and tutors involved. Group discussions will help everyone. There is no need to choose any particular themes at this stage. Just brainstorm and list down as many ideas as possible.

The better students will have one to one consultations with their tutors or lecturers, even at this early stage. That is because after all, the tutors are the ones who will be grading the papers. So obviously their opinions help.

Research.

This is a big part of any non-literary essay. Once you have decided on your topic, it’s time for research. Research here means that you want to be comprehensive. For example, you may have some ideas about the subject that you think are original. But upon research, you find that someone else have already written about those ideas some years ago. In that case, you may simply choose to cite the source of information.
A thorough research process reveals what is original, and what is not. Also, you know have a clear idea of where you stand. You may then decide on how you can contribute your own original ideas to the topic at hand. Useful suggestions and recommendations always make your paper more interesting to read, and you will get better grades just for demonstrating that you have given the issues at hand a lot of thought.

Include facts, statistics, or hypothesis.

Whenever possible, include statistics and facts from previous tests. This is especially important for scientific papers. Numbers and facts help you back up your ideas with solid proof. This is another reason why comprehensive research is so important. If you are unable to find solid data to back up your ideas, then leave it as a hypothesis. And explain why testing out such a hypothesis is useful.

When you follow this systematic process, you can’t go wrong. What separates the better non-literary essays from the average ones is the amount of time spent on the steps outlined above. Obviously, the effort you put into the papers, the higher chance of you getting better grades.

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